Students often confuse the verbs to do and to be when asking questions. What’s the difference between Do you…? and Are you…?
Here is a quick guide on how to choose the right verb, right away.
First, let’s study TO DO.
When you want to ask about an action in the present, use do or does.
DO/DOES + Subject + Verb (S. Present) + Object
- Do you like to travel?
- Where do they want to go?
- Does the store sell office furniture?
- What does he need to buy?
And that’s it! Any time you want to ask about a verb in the simple present, use does for he/she/it and do for all other subjects.
Now, let’s look at the verb TO BE.
AM/IS/ARE + Subject + Noun
The be verb has more abilities than the do verb.
Use be with nouns.
- Are you a student? Are you in California? Are you a good cook?
- Is he the boss?
- Am I in your class?
AM/IS/ARE + Subject + Adjective
Use be with an adjective.
- Are you hungry? Are you comfortable at your desk? Are you interested in science fiction movies?
- Is she sick today?
- Am I late for your appointment?
AM/IS/ARE + Subject+ Verb+ING (Present Continuous)
Finally, use the be verb before a verb in the continuous form (ING).
- Are you listening to the presentation?
- Is he working late tonight?
- Are they bringing any snacks to the meeting?
- Is your phone battery charging right now?
So there you have it. I hope you find this information useful. Now try asking some questions with Do you…? and Are you…? and see how it works for you!